|Phase||Phonic Knowledge and Skills|
|Phase One (Foundation Stage)||Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.|
|Phase Two (Foundation Stage) up to 6 weeks||Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Set 1 - s, a, t, p,
Set 2 - l, n, m, d,
Set 3 - g, o, c, k,
Set 4 - ck, e, u, r,
Set 5 - h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
|Phase Three (Foundation Stage) up to 12 weeks||The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Set 6 - j, v, w, x
Set 7 - y, z, zz, qu
ear, air, ure, er, ar, or, ur, ow, oi,
ai, ee, igh, oa, oo
ch, sh, th, ng.
|Phase Four (Foundation Stage) 4 to 6 weeks||No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.|
|Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)||Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e.
Alternative pronunciations for:
i, o, c, g, u, ow, ie, ea, er, a, y, ch, ou
|Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)||Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.|
How do we teach phonics at Woodcroft Primary School?
Phonics lessons are taught daily in Foundation Stage, year 1 and year 2. The children are grouped into small groups who work with an adult. The children are grouped according to their phonic knowledge. The sessions are fast paced and lively to hold the children’s interest. The sessions begin at 9.00am when the children are fresh and ready to learn as we believe these sessions are fundamental in developing children as readers.
How can you help your child?
Please help your child practice any letter sounds that are sent home. It is always helpful to keep practicing sounds they learned previously as well as any new sounds. The children should try and blend the sounds into words as soon as possible.
Please make sure your child arrives promptly to school each day. Phonics is the first session of the day and a child who misses this session will find it much more difficult to reach a good level of reading. Also, if a child arrives late, the adults will be busy teaching and will have less time to welcome the child as this could disrupt the learning for others.
Reading is one of the basic skills we teach at Woodcroft Primary School and it underpins so many other aspects of learning. We work hard to develop a love of reading in all our children. Children read from a range of structured reading materials including Oxford Reading Tree, Ginn, Spirals and Tree Tops. Children read from a selection of fiction and non-fiction books.
Children bring books home from their earliest days in school. We know children make the best progress when there is a partnership between home and school. It really helps to share a book with your child every day. Do not worry if the book has not been changed; children regularly need to work on a book for a number of days and will undertake a range of tasks around a book.
All children are members of the school library and can borrow books from there also.
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